Welcome to Solitary Beauty Peak & Prince City Scenic Area

Travel Guide

Solitary Beauty Peak & Prince City Scenic Area consists of Jingjiang Prince City and the Solitary Beauty Peak, which is the national key cultural relics protection unit. It is located in the center of Guilin city and the Solitary Beauty Peak is in the middle of scenic area. An emperor in Yuan Dynasty was living under the peak and the Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang of Ming Dynasty granted his grandson Zhu Shouqian as a feudal vassal under the name of “Jingjiang” and placed his mansions here. Then this area became the Jingjiang Prince City.

Opening Hours:

Spring & Fall: 7:30 – 18:00
Summer: 7:30 – 18:30
Winter: 8:00 – 18:00

Hotline

0773-2851941

Introduction | Guilin Solitary Beauty Peak · Prince City Scenic Area



Guilin Solitary Beauty Peak · Prince City Scenic Area is located in the center of Guilin China. It is a top tourist destination centered around Solitary Beauty Peak --- " King of Mountains" and the scope of Ming's Jingjiang Seignior Mansion. In the scenic area, natural scenery and historical and cultural scenes set off each other. 
The scenic area reflects three major historical and cultural systems of Guilin. It is a typical representative of Guilin’s history and culture. Walking into the area, you're entered the door to Guilin’s history and culture.




The Jingjiang Prince Mansion was built in the Ming dynasty(B.C1372) which was 34 years earlier than the Forbidden city in Beijing. When Zhu Shouqian, the grandnephew of Zhu Yuanzhang was announced the Jingjiang Prince, this place was set as the Mansion of the Jingjiang Prince. There had been Zhu Zuojing, Zhu Lvtao and "The lord of Chinese ancient painting"---Shitao,etc.14 Jingjiang Princes of 11generations who had lived in the Mansion for more than 270 years. The Jingjiang Prince City which was the relics of remains that from 600 years ago was the best preserved Princes' city of Ming Dynasty in China.
The rectangle Princes City was built with the local lime stones. It is over 500 meters long from south to north and 250 meters long from west to east. The front gate "Duanli" is 5.5 meters high, The rest three gates are Tiren Gate, ZhuYi Gate and Guangzhi Gate. The prince city is enjoyed the fame “The best prince city in the south”, to compared the Beijing forbidden city is best in the north.




 

The Solitary Beauty Peak is known as "A Pillar under Southern Sky". It has been called No.1 peak of Guilin in history. The peak towers abruptly from the ground, as if cut by an axe. Surrounded by numerous hills, the peak stands solitarily and defiantly with lordliness. You can come to the peak top by 306 stone stairs. It is the best panoramic viewing platform where you can get the best bird's-eye view of Guilin. Stone inscriptions and images spread all over the cliffs of the hill. The most precious one is the "Taisui" stone image in the Peace Cave, which is a world cultural wonder. The Well-known poem “ Guilin’s landscape leads world in beauty” was from the stone carvings here.


Solitary beauty peak was a popular place of reading for local officials and students since South Dynasty (420----589A.D.) .Yanyanzhi the governor of Guilin liked to reading and writing in a cave on the foot of the peak when he relaxied from busy work. So the cave was called “Reading Cave”. In Tang Dynasty (618 ----907A.D.) another local official Li Chang Kui opened up first school at the foot of peak. The school became bigger and more important after more donations they got from public. In Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) the prince city was built as a Gongyuan or the national examination place from ruined site. This Gongyuan was very important one in the south with all functions and it protected well till present. In the history of Qing Dynasty, there were four No1 passer of exam from Guilin were started from this examination place. The carvings on the top of the prince city gate “状元及第” means No1 passer “ 三元及第” means No1 passer of three levels. It’s praises by the local officials, also to show the respects of the prince city that cultivated those talents.




Since ancient times, the Prince City has been regarded as a treasure land of Guilin. It is even the birthplace of the entire city of Guilin. Once two emperors and 14 Jingjiang princes of 11 generations lived here. In the Qing Dynasty, here was the Guangxi Examination Hall, where have sent 585 Jinshi to the capital town and 4 scholars of them achieved Zhuangyuan eventually. In the Republic Time, Sun Yat-sen lived here and made the great plan of the Northern Expedition, and it was headquarters of the Northern Expedition; Later it became the office of Guangxi Provincial Government, and the center of Guangxi political and cultural activities.
Lee Zongren, Bai Chongxi and Huang Xuchu once worked here. In 1996, the scenic area was listed as a historical and cultural relic under key protection of the state. Now it is a national 5A level tourist attraction.